Beginning with bacterial growth in the mouth, gum disease is a very common condition affecting more than 3 million Americans every year. As an umbrella term for Gingivitis (early gum disease) and Periodontitis (advanced gum disease), this inflammatory condition wreaks havoc on gum tissues, causing pain and eventual tooth loss.
Constantly forming on teeth, plaque is a sticky, bacteria-filled film that is believed to be the main culprit in gum disease. Without daily brushing and flossing, plaque hardens into a rough substance called tartar. Tartar is extremely difficult to remove. The presence of this substance on the teeth begins a toxic chain of events that will result in gums becoming irritated and inflamed. As gums become swollen and puffy, they begin to recede or pull away from teeth. Simultaneously, bacteria (from plaque and tartar) fills the pockets, or spaces, between gums and teeth. With time, the supporting bone will be infected, and teeth will loosen.
While plaque is the leading cause of gum disease, there are other factors that make individuals susceptible. For instance, lifestyle choices that will affect a person’s ability to fight infection. Poor diet, smoking, or tobacco chewing can irritate gums. In turn, diseases such as leukemia or AIDS may affect gums because the immune system is weakened. The same goes for people with uncontrolled diabetes.
Gum Disease: Warning Signs
- Gums that are red, swollen, and sensitive
- Gums that bleed while brushing
- Gums that are receding (pulling away from teeth)
- Painful Chewing
- Teeth that are loose or shifting
- Chronic bad breath or bad taste
If you are experiencing any of these signs, it’s imperative that you visit your dentist. You’ll be relieved to know that there are many options for treatment of gum disease.
Singla Dental welcomes your family to our practice, and is ready to help you achieve optimal oral health. We believe that prevention is key. Yet, if it’s been a while since you’ve seen a dentist, you can be sure—we’ll treat you with care and compassion. Call us today.
Posted on behalf of Singla Dental