The effects of your oral health is not isolated to your mouth. Diseases that originate in your gums can spread throughout your body. Specifically, periodontitis, which is the formation of plaque build-up in your teeth, may be associated with diabetes, heart disease, and other health conditions.
What is Periodontal Disease?
Periodontal disease, also called gum disease, begins in the gums of the mouth through plaque build-up. When plaque, a sticky bacteria, hardens, it becomes difficult to remove. Periodontitis can lead to painful chewing, sore and bleeding gums, and even tooth loss if not treated correctly.
Heart Disease, also called Cardiovascular disease, occurs when plaque builds-up on the walls of the heart’s arteries. This can cause the arteries to narrow, reducing the blood flow through these pathways. A heart attack or stroke is typically caused when blood clots form and blood flow ceases in the arteries.
How does Periodontitis affect Heart Disease?
There are two main theories that suggest how heart disease and periodontitis are related. The first says that the harmful bacteria in your mouth invade your bloodstream which then deposits fat in the heart’s blood vessels. These fatty deposits turn into plaque that narrow the heart’s arteries. Alternatively, the second theory states that inflammatory proteins invade the bloodstream and create inflammation in the heart’s blood vessels. The main point:periodontitis can lead to the narrowing of the heart’s arteries which increases your risk of having a heart attack or stoke.\
What to do if you have Heart Disease?
If you have heart disease, it is important to maintain good oral health to prevent plaque build-up or periodontitis. Here are a few tips to maintain good oral healthy. First, inform Dr. Rupesh Singla, DMD and the Singla Dental team about your medical history, specifically heart disease or diabetes. Secondly, maintain good oral health by brushing twice a day for two minutes and visiting Singla Dental twice a year for cleanings. Lastly, eat healthy, exercise, and if you smoke, quit.
Periodontitis can be prevented through good oral health habits, which may reduce a risk factor for heart disease. If you have periodontitis symptoms such as, tender or bleeding gums, loose teeth, receding gums, or bad breath, make an appointment with Dr. Rupesh Singla, DMD at Singla Dental today!